Many cloud computing companies have a cadre of electrical engineers, computer scientists and other experts managing technical operations. They all rose through the ranks via abilities to deal with specific problems with boxes, boards or lines of code. That makes them natural fits for engineering management, product management and even business development or sales where micro-environmental issues only need one-time solutions.

However, when it comes to marketing, one size really does have to fit all, in many cases. While one-to-one marketing and personalization have become fads, traditional marketing remains in the macroscopic mindset.

IQ and technical smarts alone will not cut it. High emotional intelligence (EQ) exists as a necessity to formulate outbound approaches that will activate customers and get them into the buyer journey.

“Engineers moving into marketing actually have the same challenges as most marketers,” says Ed Marsh, management consultant, Consilium, business advisory firm to B2B manufacturers. “Marketing requires high EQ to conceive and execute approaches for each stage on the buyer journey. Most fail. They deliver what they think is important; what they want to talk about; features they’ve obsessed over; technical challenges they’ve conquered. All that is irrelevant to buyers.”

Become the Buyer, Speak her Language, Answer her Questions

The biggest lesson in this is that engineers are not the buyers, according to Marilyn Heywood Paige, vice president, marketing, Fig Advertising, who says she has worked with many coders in marketing over the years.

“Your buyer could be a CEO, office manager, IT pro or administrative assistant,” Heywood Paige says. “You have to be able to speak to all these audiences in their language, not yours.”

For example, coders could write a searchable blog or white paper about reliable cloud service. Instead of writing, “Cloud infrastructure with the highest uptime by geographic location,” they should write, “Reliable cloud service in California,” because that’s a phrase non-technical audiences are more likely to search for, according to Heywood Paige.

To take the place of buyers at different stages of the customer journey, engineers can become effective marketers if they leverage their training to ask questions that purchasers would ask then develop answers, according to Marsh. And by cooperating with those who have liberal arts backgrounds, such as authors, engineers could help flailing cloud company marketing.

“In many cases, freshly minted journalists interviewing and writing for engineers will produce far more effective marketing collaboratively than vaunted marketing experts,” Marsh says. “Engineers are trained, much like journalists, to ask questions in an effort to understand root causes.”

This kind of tag team approach to marketing with engineering is a great way to identify engineers who can naturally blend IQ and EQ into go-to-market strategy for solutions, according to other former technical role players.

“That way with speed of the market, I can find engineers who can straddle the line with existing marketing initiatives rather than having to teach people how to do it,” says JJ DiGeronimo, president, Tech Savvy Women, and author of Accelerate your impact: Action-Based Strategies to Pave Your Professional Path. “There are already people on your teams or in your network who can easily straddle these roles and will be open to this new capacity.”

Marketing More Art than Science

While many engineers are very analytical and focused on details, when transitioning into marketing roles, veteran technical experts say they need to keep in mind that unlike engineering, marketing is more of an art than a science.

“My advice for engineers taking a marketing turn in their career is to relinquish control and allow your creative side to dominate decisions,” says Adam Janota, vice president, global marketing, Console, a cloud interconnection company. “Also, if you find yourself one day running the marketing team, enable people to be autonomous and recognize that you’re managing human beings, not a technical product.”

Building on that sentiment, a former vice president of business development and marketing at 5Nine Software relates that when managing technical marketing programs and customer-facing activities, it was even more important to get hands-on with whatever you are promoting so you can really understand product strengths.

“When I was ready to move into a technical marketing role, I had already proven I had the skills and was able to make the transition easily,” says Symon Perriman, president and founder, FanWide Technologies, a sports tech startup. “I was extremely successful in product marketing as I had more technical depth than my traditional marketing colleagues.”

Unleashing Creativity

A path toward unleashing marketing creativity exists in the practice of writing. Technical thinking instilled into engineers at major research universities can have the unintended consequence of stunting imagination of original content, in the views of some graduates. But with the help of creative gurus they made it in marketing.

“I overcame limitations of a highly technical education by partnering with an experienced mentor who offered guidance in business and writing,” says Zhelinrentice Scott, MIT graduate and CEO and founder, The SEO Queen, a digital marketing agency. “Mentored by the best over the years—from the writing coach at University of Michigan to international business guru Fraser Hay—I had great support.”

According to Scott, writing built the bulwark of her career as a professional marketer. And for cloud companies to engender similar crossovers, she believes they must coach their engineers through the process of writing.

“Once they are in the habit of writing more, writing creatively and creating content from scratch this mindset will lay the foundation for their success as marketers,” Scott says. “Communication is key because in marketing content is king! An engineer can know what code needs to go where, but in marketing much of the ‘code’ is client facing and requires ability to compose prose quickly and effectively. They have to master the call to action and adding value for the customer.”

And forcing engineers to write often can really improve EQ, according to Dan Gudema of StartupPOP, a tech startup pitch event organizer. “I would require engineers to engage in social media, writing a monthly public blog about their expertise,” Gudema says, “and have them tweet, Facebook, LinkedIn and use other social media to increase their awareness and interaction skills.”